Terminology: Ligatures

SymbolSymbol nameSymbol design description

Ææ

Ae (Aesc)Traditional "ae" ligature for words like Cæsar, luekæmia, pædiatric, anæsthesia, encyclopædia.

Œœ

OeTraditional "oe" ligature for words like fœtus, diarrhœa, œstrogen.

Ue 

ß

Sz (German)Not to be confused with Greek Beta

Þþ

Thorn or Th
(Traditional English)
Capital letter "P" with a raised upright. Lowercase letter "p" with a raised upright.

Ðð

Eth
(Traditional English)
Capital letter "D" with a horizontal line through the upright. Lowercase reverse italic letter "d" with a line across the upright.

st 

ſt

ft 

ff 

fi 

fl 

ffi 

ffl 

Ŋŋ

EngUppercase and lowercase